Process management of the hottest IECQ hazardous s

2022-09-22
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IECQ hazardous substances process management and eia/eccb

many current or pending regulations worldwide require the elimination of a series of identified hazardous substances, including lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls, polybrominated diphenyl ethers contained in electronic and electrical products. However, there are various regulations that control the requirements of hazardous substances in various regulations, and the requirements of customers for hazardous substances are different. In order to solve this problem in a constant and ever-changing way, authoritative standards or specifications must be issued worldwide, so that all relevant parties have a unified and clear code to follow, so as to minimize the technical barriers to international product trade. In order to solve the above problem of standardization of hazardous substance management, IEC entrusted its subordinate electronic component quality assessment committee (IECQ economic growth continues to decline the demand for steel) to formulate a special hazardous substance process management (HSPM) standard - "standards and requirements for reduction and exemption of hazardous substances in electronic and electrical components and products (eia/eccb-954)", A special procedure rule - "hazardous substance process management requirements (QC)" has been formulated for the certification of this process management system, which provides an authoritative choice for the management and certification of hazardous substances

Introduction to IEC and IECQ

IEC is the English abbreviation of the International Electrotechnical Commission. It is a non-governmental international organization. It was officially established in 1906. It is the earliest professional international standardization organization in the world. It is responsible for international standardization in the field of Electrotechnics and electronics, and closely cooperates with the international organization for Standardization in the formulation of standards

iecq is the quality assessment system of electronic components of the International Electrotechnical Commission, which is subordinate to the International Electrotechnical Commission. It is the only approval and certification body in the world that carries out a comprehensive quality assessment of electronic components. It is responsible for the quality assessment of electrical products, materials and production processes. It is the first international certification organization to realize the internationalization of specific product quality certification in IEC and ISO. The purpose of IECQ is to establish an international authoritative management organization, formulate unified technical standards and procedural rules for quality evaluation, and comprehensively inspect and approve the technical capacity and management level of the manufacturer based on the standards and procedural rules

iecq-hspm system

iecq-hspm system is IECQ hazardous substance process management system, which is based on eia/eccb-954 standard, namely "standards and requirements for reduction and exemption of hazardous substances in electronic and electrical components and products". The relationship between iecq-hspm and eia/eccb-954 standard is similar to the relationship between ISO quality management system and ISO9001:2000. Eia/eccb-954 standard is based on ISO9001:2000 rather than ISO14001 as we may think. Because the system requires that EU regulations and customer requirements are defined as the quality related characteristic requirements of products, based on ISO9001:2000, the compliance with EU regulations can be better ensured from the perspective of process management and system

iecq-hspm system is a hazardous substance process management system based on the idea of process management. One of the main ideas of this system is to emphasize the application of general "process management" mode to solve the diversity of hazardous substance management requirements (including EU requirements) for different enterprises and products. Standards are based on one common point: enterprises need to identify and establish hazardous substance reduction (HSF) processes, and achieve the hazardous substance process management policies and objectives specified by the organization by managing and maintaining such processes. Other technical requirements should be implemented by means of detection or process control, so that a general process management standard can be applied to all organizations that want to meet the requirements of the EU through the management system

as a management system, like other management systems, iecq-hspm system must first establish HSF policies and objectives, then realize the policies and objectives by identifying and controlling the required processes, operate the processes by providing resources, understand the status of products, process capabilities, suitability, sufficiency and effectiveness of the system through the monitoring of products, processes and systems, and improve the system through improvement and continuous improvement, Form a complete PDCA closed loop

eia/eccb-954 standard

iecq-hspm system requirements must meet eia/eccb-954 standard

the name of eia/eccb-954 standard is "standards and requirements for the reduction of hazardous substances in electronic and electrical components and products", which was jointly formulated by the American Electronic Industry Association (EIA) and the electronic component Certification Board (ECCB), and was adopted by IECQ. Eia/eccb-954 standard is consistent with ISO9001:2000 standard and must be built on the framework of ISO9001:2000

the structure of the standard is basically consistent with ISO9001:2000, including the following major clauses:

1 Background

2 The intention of this document

3 Range

4 Reference document

5 Terms and definitions

6 General requirements

7 Management responsibilities

8 Resource management

9 Product realization

10 Measurement, analysis and improvement

due to the addition of two sections of background and document intention, the following article number is increased by 2 compared with ISO9001:2000

since this standard is based on the ISO9001:2000 framework, the standard terms introduced below are only different from ISO9001:2000. The terms not listed in ISO9001:2000 standard are still the requirements of eia/eccb-954 standard

6. General requirements

6.1.1 the organization shall identify and document all hazardous substances used in the organization; Determine the interdependence and interaction of these processes, and formulate appropriate HSF process management plan; Establish a process to limit and/or eliminate the use of hazardous substances in products and processes

6.2.1.3 the quality manual of the organization includes a section about the HSF process management plan and objectives, as well as the referenced HSF documented procedures

7. Management responsibilities

7.1.4 include HSF in management review

7.1.6 ensure that the list of hazardous substances is communicated throughout the organization

7.2 determine HSF requirements: top management should ensure that customers' HSF requirements are determined and met, and included in customer satisfaction measurement

7.3.1.1 the policy includes the commitment to meet requirements and continuously improve the effectiveness of HSF practices

7.4.1.2 when appropriate, HSF objectives should include a schedule for eliminating hazardous substances identified and used in processes or products (including purchased products)

7.5.1.1 the practices required to achieve HSF should be integrated into the quality management system planning and taken as an element of quality objectives

7.5.1.2 maintain the continuity of HSF efforts when implementing improvements and changes

7.6.1.2.3 ensure that HSF related requirements and responsibilities are communicated and understood in the organization

7.6.1.2.4 ensure that suppliers have HSF related requirements and responsibility awareness

7.7.1 the top management shall ensure that the personnel of the organization are informed of the performance and matters related to the HSF policy and implementation plan

7.7.2 information on hazardous substances should be communicated within the organization as required

8. there are no substantially different provisions, omitted

9. product realization

9.1.2.3 verification, confirmation, monitoring, supervision and testing activities required for HSF products and product acceptance standards. Where appropriate, this should include information service providers

9.1.2.4 procedure documents or work instructions for the process of using restricted substances, so as to include prevention content when pollution exists

9.3.1.1.3 communicate to customers any use of restricted substances or possible pollution, and any mixing of processes or products that may contain restricted substances

9.3.1.1.4 records of HSF review results and measures determined by the review shall be retained and maintained

9.4.1.1.2 during design planning, the use of restricted substances should be identified in documents and plans in order to control and finally replace or eliminate these components

9.4.1.3.2 when the design requires the use of restricted substances, procedure documents shall be prepared to control, identify, monitor and measure the process/products (including the products of subcontracting process)

9.5.1.1.3 the organization should ensure that all HSF components/materials are free from contamination by restricted substances and promote the new China Africa strategic partnership in good faith

9.5.1.1.4 the purchase of restricted substances shall be clearly indicated on the purchase documents and material receipts

9.5.1.2.2 it is necessary to fully understand the procurement route of purchased items and fully identify any process that may be contaminated by restricted substances. The procurement activities related to the HSF process shall be listed in the documented procedure after the conductive component of the thermoplastic material is added

9.5.1.2.4 if the processes are combined with each other and from the second data, a documented procedure should be established to distinguish each component

9.6.1.1.7 identify and document the process of possible pollution

9.6.1.1.8 the operation procedure has been documented, and determine preventive measures to prevent possible pollution

9.6.3.1 when appropriate, the organization shall identify HSF products in an appropriate manner throughout the product realization process

9.6.3.2 processes containing restricted substances should be uniquely identified and separated to prevent combination with HSF products

9.6.4.1 there should be documented procedures to handle and store hazardous substances. This procedure shall include records of receipt and transportation; Records shall indicate that hazardous substances are separated and managed separately

10. measurement, analysis and improvement

10.3.1 the organization shall adopt appropriate methods to monitor and measure (where applicable) restricted substance processes, including supplier/subcontractor processes and information service provider processes, if it is found that they may use restricted substances

10.3.1.1 how to control, monitor and measure these processes should be documented

10.4.1 the organization shall establish documented procedures to monitor and measure restricted substances in products to verify that product requirements are met. Monitoring and measurement shall be carried out at the appropriate stage of product realization in accordance with the provisions of the HSF plan

10.5.1.1 there should be clear procedures to deal with the situation of nonconforming products containing restricted substances and prevent the delivery of products containing restricted substances, unless permission is obtained

10.5.2 records of the nature of nonconformities and subsequent measures shall be maintained and marked to clearly indicate what restricted substances have been found

10.5.3 when non-conforming HSF products are found after delivery or after the products are put into use, the organization shall notify customers in accordance with the contract agreement or the organization's process management policy

10.6.2.4 when applicable, efforts for continuous improvement to eliminate all hazardous substances

documents required by eia/eccb-954 Standard

like ISO9001:2000 and other standards, the hazardous substance management system established in accordance with eia/eccb-954 standard also has some documents that must be formulated, Specifically include:

list of hazardous substances used

HSF policies and objectives with schedule for eliminating hazardous substances

there is a section of HSF process management plan in the quality manual

reference to HSF documented procedures in the quality manual

plan for controlling and eventually eliminating HS components in the design and development planning documents

documented procedures/work guidelines for the process of using HS

when the design requires the use of HS, A control procedure

documented procedure for checking and identifying HS contained in purchased articles

procedure for distinguishing different parts in the mixing process

possible contaminated processes are identified and recorded

operating procedures for pollution prevention

procedures for handling and storing hazardous substances

monitoring and measurement of HS processes

monitoring and measurement of HS products

procedures for preventing the delivery of nonconforming products that detect HS

HSF correction Positive action procedure

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