Process technology and detailed operation of the h

2022-09-19
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The process technology and detailed operation of the printing plate (I)

I. the process preparation of the printing plate

1. The selection of the frame of the printing plate

the frame used for printing is made of wood and aluminum alloy. The size and material of the frame play an important role in the quality of the plate. No matter which material is used, the frame should be selected on the basis of tensile resistance, high strength, light quality and convenient use

2. selection of silk

the silk used for printing includes cotton yarn, real silk, polyester, 3. It is to strengthen the research and development of bio based high molecular materials, and can self modify the formula to improve the consistency of test data and promote the use of stainless steel wire, copper wire and other metals. They can be divided into corrugated braiding, braided braiding and semi braided braiding. There are monofilament and multifilament in the way of expression. Silk sold in the market is usually represented by mesh and model. The selection of silk and mesh should be based on the substrate, plate making method, printing material properties, printing quality and customer requirements. Usually, single silk with more than 200 mesh is selected for fine printing products

3. Stretching

stretching is generally done manually for wooden frames, and pneumatic stretching machine is usually used for aluminum alloy frames. Version and tension are determined by printing pressure, printing accuracy and silk stretch ductility. Too high tension will cause silk damage and printing resistance, and too low tension will cause overprint inaccuracy and other ills. The ideal tension should be flat and centered, with uniform tension and moderate elasticity, so as to ensure the best print quality

4. pretreatment of silk

pretreatment of silk refers to degreasing and roughening the stretched polyester silk in the silk frame, that is, degreasing before grinding. Degrease and roughen, that is, degrease first and then grind. Degreasing treatment is generally cleaned with a brush dipped in glacial acetic acid or medium-sized detergent to remove the grease and dirt on both sides of the silk, so as to avoid the film thinning when coating photosensitive adhesive, causing pinholes and other faults. The roughening treatment is to apply the grinding paste on the wire of the frame, and evenly brush the front and back sides of the frame with a brush, so as to roughen the wire surface, so as to improve the adhesion between the adhesive film and the plate

specifically, the silk frames that have been degreased and roughened should be washed thoroughly with water, cleaned and dried first, and stored in a cool and dry place to ensure that the equipment can be used in plate making

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